IMPORTANTE: Apenas para uso no Flight Simulator. NÃO USAR NA AVIAÇÃO REAL!
IMPORTANT: For Flight Simulator use only. DO NOT USE IN REAL AVIATION!

Baseado no guia POH da Sarasota Flight Instructors.
Based on the Sarasota Flight Instructors‘ guide on the Pilot Operating Handbook.

Para o modelo Carenado do Seneca II: FS2004 & FSX.
For the Seneca II model by Carenado for FS9 and FSX.

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Arquivo VC OPERATION.pdf da Carenado!
Carenado’s VC OPERATION.pdf file!

(clique para ampliar / click to enlarge)
VC OPERATION - PA-34-200T Seneca II - Carenado

VC OPERATION – PA-34-200T Seneca II – Carenado

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Maximum Weights

  • Max Takeoff Weight: 4570 lbs. / 2073 kg
  • Max Landing Weight: 4342 lbs. / 1969 kg
  • Max Zero Fuel Weight: 4000 lbs. / 1814 kg
  • Standard Empty Weight 2823 lbs. / 1280 kg
  • Maximum Useful Load 1747 lbs. / 792 kg
  • Maximum Weight in Forward Baggage: 100 lbs. / 45 kg
  • Maximum Weight in Aft Baggage: 100 lbs. / 45 kg

Baggage Compartments Weights and Space

  • Maximum Weights:
    -> Forward: 100lbs/45kg
    -> Aft: 100lbs/45kg
  • Volume:
    -> Forward: 15.3 ft³/ 0.43 m³
    -> Aft: 24.0 ft³ / 0.68 m³

Airspeed Limitations

  • Vne Never Exceed: 195
  • Vno Max structural cruise: 163
  • Va Maneuvering speed:
    -> @ 4570 lbs (1840 kg): 136
    -> @ 3068 lbs (1391 kg): 121
  • Vfe Flaps extended: 107
  • Vmc Minimum Control Speed: 66
  • Vfe Flaps extended: 107
  • Vle Maximum gear extended: 129
  • Vlo Maximum gear “extending”: 129
  • Vlo Maximum gear “retraction”: 107

Airspeed Indicator Markings

  • Green Arc (normal Operating range): 63 to 163
  • Yellow Arc (caution range – smooth air): 163 to 195
  • White Arc (flaps extended): 61 to 107
  • Red Radial Line (never exceed): 195
  • Red Radial Line (minimum control): 66
  • Blue Radial Line (best rate climb single engine): 89

Power Plant Limitations

  • Rated Horsepower at sea level: 200 
  • Rated Horsepower at 12,000 ft: 215
  • Maximum RPM: 2575
  • Maximum Manifold Pressure (inches): 40
  • Maximum Cylinder Head Temp.: 460°
  • Maximum Oil Temp.: 240°
  • Maximum oil pressure: 100 PSI
  • Minimum oil pressure: 10 PSI
  • Minimum fuel flow: 3.5 PSI
  • Maximum fuel flow: 20 PSI to 25 GPH

Power Plant Instrument Markings

  • Tachometer – Green Arc (normal range): 500 rpm to 2575 rpm
  • Tachometer – Red Line (maximum): 2575 rpm
  • Fuel Flow and Pressure:
    -> Green Arc: 3.5 PSI to 20 PSI
    -> Red Line (max): 25 GPH (20 PSI)
    -> Red Line (min): 3.5 PSI
  • Cylinder Head Temperatures:
    -> Maximum (red line): 460 °
    -> Normal Range (green arc): 360 ° to 460 °
  • Oil Temperature:
    -> Maximum 240 °
    -> Normal Range (green arc): 100 ° to 240 °
  • Oil Pressure:
    -> Maximum: 100 PSI
    -> Minimum: 10  PSI
    -> Caution: 80 to 100 PSI
  • Manifold Pressure:
    -> Normal Range (green arc): 10 to 40 inches HG
    -> Maximum (red line): 40 inches HG
    -> Exhaust Gas Temperature Red Line: 1650° F

Maneuver Limits

  • All intentional Acrobatic Maneuvers are prohibited
  • Flight Load Factor Limits (flaps up):
    -> Positive Load Factor (Max.): 3.8 G
    -> Negative Load Factor (Max.): 0.0 G
    -> No inverted maneuvers approves

Types of Operations

  • Day/Dia:  VFR
  • Night/Noite: VFR
  • Day/Dia:  IFR
  • Night/Noite: IFR
  • Icing Conditions when equipped per section: 2.25 of the pilot operations manual

Operating Altitude Limitations

  • Flight above 25,000 feet is not approved.
  • Flight up to 25,000 if equipped with supplemental oxygen.

Noise Levels

  • 2 blade Propellers: 73.5 dB(A)
  • 3 blade Propellers: 76.4 dB(A)
Airspeeds for Safe Operation
  • Minimum Single Engine Control: 66 KIAS 
  • Best Single Engine Rate Climb: 89 KIAS
  • Best Single Engine Angle Climb: 78 KIAS
  • Maneuvering: 121 KIAS
  • Never Exceed: 195 KIAS
Single Engine Landing
  • Inoperative Engine: Feather and Secure
  • When Landing Assured: Landing Gear Extend Wing Flaps Extend to 10° Maintain Additional Altitude and speed during approach
  • Final Approach Speed: 91 KIAS
  • Wing Flaps: Extend to 25°
Air Start (Un-feathering)
  • Fuel Selector INOP Engine: On
  • Aux. Fuel Pump INOP Engine: Off
  • Throttle: Open ¼ Inch
  • Propeller Control: Forward to Cruise RPM Pos.
  • Mixture: Rich
  • Magneto Switches: On
  • Starter: Engage until Prop Windmills
  • Throttle: Reduce power to warm engine
  • If Engine does not start: Prime as required
  • Alternator: On
Fuel Management Single Engine
  • CRUISING—Using Fuel from Tank on same side as Operating Engine
    -> Fuel Selector Operating Engine: On

    -> Fuel Selector INOP Engine: Off
    -> Aux. Fuel Pumps: Off
  • CRUISING—Using Fuel from Tank on side Opposite Operating Engine
    -> Fuel Selector Operating Engine: Cross-Feed
    -> Fuel Selector INOP Engine: Off
    -> Aux. Fuel Pumps: Off
  • LANDING
    -> Fuel Selector Operating Engine: On
    -> Fuel Selector INOP Engine: Off

Spins

  • Throttles: Idle
  • Rudder: Opposite direction of spin
  • Control Yoke: Release Back Pressure
  • Control Yoke: Full forward if nose does not drop
  • Ailerons: Neutral
  • Rudder: Neutral after Rotation Stops
  • Control Yoke: Smooth Backpressure to recover from Dive

Emergency Descent

  • Throttles: Closed
  • Propellers: Full Forward
  • Mixture: As Required
  • Landing Gear: Extend
  • Airspeed: 129 KIAS

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NORMAL PROCEDURES CHECKLIST

Before Starting Engines

  • Seats: Adjusted
  • Seat Belts: On
  • Parking Brake: On
  • Circuit Breakers: In
  • Radios: OFF
  • Cowl Flaps: Open
  • Alternate Air: Off
  • Alternators: On

Starting Engines

  • Fuel Selector: On
  • Mixture: Rich
  • Throttle: ½ Open
  • Propeller: Forward
  • Master Switch: On
  • Ignition Switches: On
  • Propeller: Clear
  • Starter: Engage
  • Primer Button: On as Required
  • Throttle: Retard when engine starts
  • Oil Pressure: Check
  • Repeat for Opposite Engine
  • Alternators: Check
  • Gyro Pressure: Check

Starting Engines when Flooded

  • Mixture: Idle Cut-Off
  • Throttle: Full Forward
  • Propeller: Forward
  • Master Switch: On
  • Ignition Switch: On
  • Aux. Fuel Pump: Off
  • Propeller: Clear
  • When Engine Starts:
    -> Throttle: Retard
    -> Mixture: Advance Slowly

Starting Engines-External Power

  • Master Switch: Off
  • All Electrical Equipment: Off
  • Terminals: Connect
  • External Power Plug: Insert into receptacle
  • Proceed with Normal Start Procedures
  • Throttles: Lowest Possible RPM
  • External Power Plug: Disconnect
  • Master Switch: On-Check Ammeter
  • Oil Pressure: Check

Warm Up

  • Throttles: 1,000 to 1,200 RPM

Taxing

  • Chocks: Remove
  • Taxi Area: Clear
  • Throttle: Apply Slowly
  • Brakes: Check
  • Steering: Check
  • Instruments: Check
  • Heater and defroster: Check
  • Fuel Selector: ON, Check Cross-Feed
  • Autopilot: Off

Before Takeoff – Ground Check

  • Parking brake: Set
  • Mixture Controls Forward
  • Propeller Controls: Forward
  • Throttle Controls: 1000 RPM
  • Manifold Pressure Lines: Drain
  • Propeller Controls: Check Feathering (300 RPM Max. Drop)
  • Throttle Controls: 1900 RPM
  • Propeller Controls: Check Governor
  • Propeller Controls: Full Forward
  • Alternate Air: On, then Off
  • Magnetos: Check, Max. Drop 150 RPM (Max. Differential 50 RPM)
  • Alternator Output: Check
  • Gyro Pressure: 4.5 to 5.2 inches Hg
  • Throttles: 800 to 1000 RPM
  • Fuel Selectors: On
  • Alternators: On
  • Engine Gauges: In the Green
  • Altimeter: Set
  • Attitude Indicator: Set
  • Directional Gyro: Set
  • Clock: Set
  • Mixtures: Set
  • Propellers: Set – Full Forward
  • Quadrant friction: Set
  • Alternate Air: Off
  • Seatbacks: Erect
  • Wing Flaps: Set
  • Trim: Set
  • Seat Belts: On
  • Controls: Free – Full Travel
  • Doors: Latched
  • Aux. Fuel Pumps: Off
  • Pitot Heat: As Required

Takeoff Cautions

  • Do not exceed 40 inches Manifold Pressure.
  • Fast Taxi turns immediately prior to takeoff run can cause temporary malfunction of one engine during takeoff.
  • Normal sea level takeoff at 39” Hg and 2575 RPM.
  • Adjust mixture prior to takeoff for High Elevation Airports.
  • DO NOT EXCEED 40” Hg Manifold Pressure

Normal Takeoff (Flaps Up)

  • On Runway
  • Strobes: On
  • Transponder: On
  • Landing Light: On
  • Flaps: Up
  • Stabilator Trim: Takeoff Range
  • Power: Apply full throttle 39” Hg
  • Accelerate to: 66-71 KIAS
  • Ease back Control Yoke to Climb Attitude. After Lift-Off Accelerate to 89 KIAS (Vyse)
  • Gear: Up

Short Field Takeoff (Flaps Up)

  • On Runway
  • Strobes: On
  • Transponder: On
  • Landing Light: On
  • Flaps: Up
  • Stabilator Trim: Takeoff Range
  • Brakes: Set
  • Power: Apply full throttle 39” Hg
  • Brakes: Release
  • Accelerate to: 66 KIAS
  • Rotate and Trim to: 71 KIAS through 50 ft
  • Obstruction Clearance: Accelerate to 79 KIAS
  • No Obstruction: Accelerate to 89 KIAS
  • Gear: Up

Short Field Takeoff (Flaps 25°)

  • On Runway
  • Strobes: On
  • Transponder: On
  • Landing Light: On
  • Flaps: 25°
  • Stabilator Trim: Takeoff Range
  • Brakes: Set
  • Power: Apply full throttle 39” Hg
  • Brakes: Release
  • Accelerate to: 61 KIAS
  • Rotate to: 69 KIAS through 50 ft
  • Obstruction Clearance: Accelerate to 79 KIAS
  • No Obstruction: Accelerate to 89 KIAS
  • Gear: Up

Takeoff Climb

  • Mixture: Full Rich
  • Propeller Speed: 2575 RPM
  • Manifold Pressure: 40 inches Hg Max.
  • Climb Speeds:
    -> Best Angle: 76 KIAS
    -> Best Rate: 89 KIAS
  • Cowl Flaps: As required

Cruise Climb

  • Mixture: Full Rich
  • Prop Speed: 2450 RPM
  • Manifold Pressure: 31.5 inches Hg
  • Climb Speed: 102 KIAS
  • Cowl Flaps: As required

Cruising
Refer to Performance Charts for Power Settings

  • Power: Set
  • Cowl Flaps: As Required
  • Mixture: Adjust
  • Engine Gauges: Monitor

Descent

  • Mixtures: Enrich with descent
  • Throttles: Cruise Setting
  • Cowl Flaps: CLOSED

Approach and Landing

  • Gear Warning Horn: Check
  • Airspeed: 98 KIAS downwind
  • Seat backs: Erect
  • Seat Belts: On
  • Fuel Selectors: On
  • Cowl Flaps: As Required
  • Aux. Fuel Pumps: Off
  • Mixture Controls: Set
  • Propellers: Set
  • Landing Gear: Down – 129 KIAS
  • Flaps: Set as Required
  • Base Leg: 97 KIAS
  • Final: 87 KIAS
  • Close Final: Power - Reduce
  • Propeller Controls: Full Forward

Go Around

  • Full Takeoff Power: 40” Hg Max.
  • Flaps: Retract
  • Gear: Up
  • Cowl Flaps: Adjust

After Landing

  • Clear of Runway
  • Transponder: Off
  • Strobes: Off
  • Landing Light: Off
  • Radios: Set
  • Flaps: Up
  • Cowl Flaps: Full Open
  • Alternate Air: Off

Shutdown

  • Heater: Fan 2 min. then off
  • Radio and Electrical Equipment: Off
  • Mixture Controls: Idle-Cut-Off
  • Magnetos Switches: Off
  • Master Switch: Off
  • Parking Brakes: Set as Required

****************************************************

Baseado no guia POH da Sarasota Flight Instructors.
Based on the Sarasota Flight Instructors‘ guide on the Pilot Operating Handbook.

Para o modelo Carenado do Seneca II: FS2004FSX.
For the Seneca II model by Carenado for FS9 and FSX.

IMPORTANTE: Apenas para uso no Flight Simulator. NÃO USAR NA AVIAÇÃO REAL!
IMPORTANT: For Flight Simulator use only. DO NOT USE IN REAL AVIATION!

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